Montenegro ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by
succession in 2006, thus becoming a member of the Convention as a Non-Annex Party on 27 January 2007.
The Kyoto Protocol was ratified on 27 March 2007 (the Ratification Law was published in the Official
Gazette of the Republic Montenegro 17/07), so that Montenegro became its member
on 2 September 2007. Having ratified the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol, Montenegro joined
the countries that share concerns and play an active role in international efforts to identify the solutions
to the problems of climate change. The Council for Clean Development Mechanism (performing the
function of the Designated National Authority) was established on 5 February 2008.
The preparation of this Communication was supported by the Global Environment Facility
(GEF), within the Project “Enabling Activity for the Preparation of Montenegro’s Initial National
Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - UNFCCC”
of the Government of Montenegro and UNDP/GEF. The Project was approved in April 2008
and implemented by a large number of experts in various areas, as well as through involvement of
relevant ministries, scientific and professional institutions, UNDP, civil society and business sector
who participated in the work of the Advisory and Steering Committees. The Communication has
been prepared in line with the guidelines for development of Initial National Communications and it
represents an important strategic document for sustainable development of Montenegro.