Deforestation and forest degradation drive climate change, representing up to 20 per cent of global anthropogenic
emissions. And in turn can damage forests, for instance by drying out tropical rainforests and increasing fire damage in boreal forests. Inside forests, climate change is already harming biodiversity, a threat that is likely to increase. Furthermore, degraded, fragmented forests are less able to withstand rapid shifts in temperature and rainfall patterns. Deforestation and climate change have devastating impacts on many human communities, ranging from food, water and fuelwood insecurity to more frequent and severe weather-related disasters.