TURKEY

Organization of the Country


 

Turkey has a population of approximately 72 million people, giving it an order of magnitude of Level 0 according to the classification used in this document198. The total area of about 780,000 km2 is divided into 81 provinces. Each province is subdivided into several districts. There are a total of 923 districts.
Some 70.5 per cent of the population live in urban centers.
The province of Istanbul, with a population of 12.5 million (Level 0) is the largest in Turkey. There is a great deal of variation in the demographic size of provinces: 18 provinces have populations in excess of 1 million (Level 1); 21 provinces have populations between 1 million and 500,000 (Level 2); and 2 provinces have populations under 100,000 (Level 3) (*).
 
 

(*) The organizational complexity depends mainly on the size of the population to be dealt with: in the following we will refer to Level 0 when dealing with organizations responsible for populations of 10 million to 100 million; to Level 1 when dealing with organizations responsible for populations of 1 million to 10 million; to Level 2 when dealing with organizations responsible for populations of 100,000 to 1 million; and to Level 3 when dealing with organizations responsible for populations of 10,000 to 100,000.