TURKEY

Institutional Framework


 

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
According to the organizational structure and duty concept introduced by Law no.5902, AFAD has an administratively horizontal and flexible structure with a results-oriented duty concept, which does not have any hierarchical structuring under Departments, which can assign personnel from outside the organization depending on the needs of the day, and which has the authority to form working groups. In terms of its mandate, it is an organization that ensures effective coordination and cooperation with universities, public organizations, private sector and non-governmental organizations.
Based on the fact that disaster management is a subject that concerns all segments of the society, Law no.5902 established the Disaster and Emergency Supreme Board with participation of ministers for the purpose of making macro-level policies; the Disaster and Emergency Coordination Board, composed of top executives for ensuring coordination in matters related to disasters; and the Earthquake Advisory Board to ensure coordination in matters related to reducing earthquake risks and carrying out preparedness activities.
AFAD carries out its activities in accordance with the disaster and emergency policies determined by the Disaster and Emergency Supreme Board, the Disaster and Emergency Coordination Board and the Earthquake Advisory Board. Carrying out the secretarial duties of the Supreme Board and the Coordination Board, AFAD chairs the Earthquake Advisory Board.
 
Disaster and Emergency Supreme Board
The board, consisting of appointed ministers under the chair of the Prime Minister or his/her appointed Deputy Prime Minister, is tasked with the duty of approving the plans, programs and reports related to disasters and emergencies. Convening at least twice every year, the Board may be summoned for an extraordinary meeting upon the request of the chair.
 
Disaster and Emergency Coordination Board
Composed of the relevant undersecretaries and organization executives under the chair of Undersecretary of the Prime Ministry, the Board is responsible for evaluating information in cases of disasters and emergencies, determine measures to be taken, ensure and inspect their implementation, and ensure coordination with agencies, organizations and NGOs. Convening at least four times a year, the Board may be summoned for an extraordinary meeting upon the request of the chair when needed.
 
Earthquake Advisory Board
Composed of relevant representatives under the chair of AFAD, the Advisory Board is responsible for setting priorities and policies for earthquake-related researches, and suggesting activities for earthquake protection, mitigation of earthquake- related damage and losses, and activities to be carried out after earthquakes.