Following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, first as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and subsequently, after 2003, in a union of Serbia and Montenegro established by adoption of the Law on Implementation of the Constitutional Charter.
Since 2003, and following the declaration of its independence on 3 June 2006, the Parliament of Montenegro approved a number of laws and regulations with the aim of modernizing the old jurisdiction of the SFRY, as well as introducing new State competences.
However, the legislation in force is still based on a large number of laws, regulations and decrees approved and implemented by the parliament of SFRY both in the frameworks of geophysical risk, meteorological risks, and industrial and technological risk.
Within this framework Civil Protection represents a critical issue for the State, since historically Montenegro has suffered the dramatic effects of natural and technological disasters that have caused huge damage and suffering.
Specific laws relevant to Civil Protection have been approved as follows: the Law on Rescue and Protection activities in Montenegro, Law on Transfer of Dangerous Goods, Law of Explosive Materials and Law of Flammable Liquids and Gases.
The National Strategy for Emergency Situations, adopted by the Government of Montenegro in December 2006, can be considered as a foundation document for the modern structure of Civil Protection in Montenegro.