MONTENEGRO

Institutional Framework


 

In December 2004 the Government adopted a new regulation on changes and amendments to the State administration. Under the terms of the new regulation the Ministry of Interior and Public Administration was made responsible for anaging risks, managing civil protection and rescuing in emergency situations and managing relieving of consequences in the extraordinary situations (earthquakes, fires and other natural and technical/technological catastrophes).
The regulation also established the Sector for Emergency Situations and Civil Security, in the Ministry of the Interior and Public Administration, as a unique body to coordinate Civil Protection in Montenegro. The Sector has changes name in 2013 in Directorate for Emegrency Management. Also, Directorate has divided into 5 directions, 4 departments and 7 Territorial Unit in Podgorica, Bijelo Polje, Pljevlja, Niksic, Bar, Berane and Herceg Novi.

Direction for Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid
Its main duty is the identification and evaluation of the risks at national and local level, and the implementation of standard operational procedures for protection and rescue, usually based on the establishment of specific local Civil Protection Units. This Direktion has jurisdiction over the monitoring of the adoption of legislation, public education and awareness, the training of civil defence personnel as well as coordination sending and receiving humanitarian aid. This Direction also is rensponsible for defines the guidelines for strategies and programmes, and proposes draft laws relevant to the organization and the functioning of Civil Protection and monitors their realization. The Direction is responsible for the harmonization of the regulations and laws in force in Montenegro with reference to EU regulations and international standards in the field of Civil Protection.

Direction for Preventive has divided into 2 Department:

Department for Risk Management
It is responsible for the management of the national database of the risks as reported by the National Strategy for Emergency Situations. The duties of the Department encompass the drafting and development of strategic documents and plans at national or inter-municipal levels, cooperation with scientific bodies (universities), laboratories and other research institutions.

Department for HAZMAT Management
It has jurisdiction over the activities defined by the Law on Protection and Rescue and other regulations related to this area, including the construction of new buildings, the surveillance of warehouses containing dangerous substances, the transport of dangerous goods and military equipment, and the management of weapons.

Direction for Operational Affairs has divided into 2 Department
Department for Training and Operational Activities
It is in charge of the coordination of all organisations, companies, and State or local authority institutions in emergencies. The department provides municipal departments for protection and rescue and Civil Protection units with the equipment and training needed to cope with all types of risk.

The 112 Centre
The Centre use the European emergency number 112 and will be a unique communication hub for all types of emergency. Once operational it will process all the data and information relevant to emergency situations, including protection and rescue activities and measures. The Centre will be responsible for broadcasting the information to the public, State institutions, legal entities, rescue units and other competent bodies and subjects for protection and rescue (including the ERCC).

Direction-The Helicopter Unit
It operates three four helicopters: „Abell-412“, „Abell-212“, „Abell-206“ and „Gazella“; two planes type „Dromader“ and two aircraft for fire extinguishing type „AT-802A Fire Boss“ and are responsible for search and rescue operations in the whole of Montenegro. The helicopters are also used for tactical transport of equipment and personnel in case of emergencies.

Direction for Inspection Supervision
Direction within the jurisdiction provided by the law in the field of protection and rescue, transportation of dangerous goods, manufacturing, transportation, procurement, storage and use of explosives, storage, possession, transport, handling and use of flammable liquids and gases, transport and transit of weapons, military equipment and dual-use goods, facilities which are stored or used in technological process hazardous substances to determine the zone of danger, security systems, which directly increase security and reduce the risk of various fire-accidents, accidents, incidents, etc.