FYROM

Legal Framework


 

At National level

At Ministerial level
All relevant legislation is published in the official gazette and is considered to be national level legislation, while ministerial level would consist of internal regulations that are numerous in every government body.
 
Inter-ministerial cross cutting coordination          
National Protection and Rescue Strategy
Strategy of National Security
National Security and Defence Concept
 
At local level 
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Constitution,
Law on Local  Self-Government
 
The civil emergency management function is regulated by two acts: the Law on Crisis Management 129 and the Law on Protection and Rescue.

Law on Crisis Management
The Law on Crisis Management governs the response to emergencies in terms of organization and functioning; decision-making and resource utilization; communication, coordination and cooperation; planning and financing; and an assessment of the security risk to the FYR of Macedonia.
The different actors involved in the crisis management system include: State administrative bodies and authorities (the Assembly, President and Government), Armed Forces, protection and rescue forces, and bodies of municipalities and the city of Skopje. The law also states that public enterprises and institutions as well as private companies can take part in prevention, early warning and handling of crises.

In a crisis situation a Steering Committee and Assessment Group are established
at national level. The Steering Committee is composed of the Ministers for Interior, Health, Transport and Communications, Defence, Foreign Affairs and the Head of the Assessment Group. If necessary, depending on the crisis situation, other heads of relevant State administrative bodies can also be included in the work of the Steering Committee.
The Assessment Group is a governmental body that performs constant assessment of the risks and dangers to the security of the FYR of Macedonia and proposes measures and activities for their prevention, early warning and management. The Group delivers its analyses, recommendations and conclusions to the Steering Committee, Prime Minister, President of the Republic and President of the Assembly.

Law on Protection and Rescue
The concept of Civil Protection in the FYR of Macedonia is strictly interpreted in terms of protection and rescue. Present legislation reflects this and represents an attempt to establish a legal framework to facilitate the efficient management and functioning of protection and rescue..
The Law on Protection and Rescue indicates how responsibilities are divided between the participants in protection and rescue activities, including the State, local authorities, private companies, and public enterprises, facilities and services. The law regulates the division of responsibilities in accord with the provisions in the Local Self-Government Law which devolve obligations of protection and rescue to municipalities. Protection and Rescue Units are organized into two components: active and reserve.
The law also determines in detail the responsibilities of the Protection and Rescue Directorate, as an independent State authority, in the conduct of protection and rescue activities. The Directorate has the task of coordinating the sectors of Civil Protection, currently incorporated in the Ministry of Defence, and of Fire Protection, currently within the Ministry of Interior. State authorities have different responsibilities. The Republic’s Parliament adopts the National Strategy plan for protection and rescue, determines strategic medium term protection and rescue goals, decides on the amount of financial assets necessary for protection and rescue and proclaims a Protection and Rescue Day.