The legal framework of Kosovo* is pretty recent and it is composed by four main legislations:
Legal Framework – Law for protection against natural and other disasters
This law regulates protection and rescue of people, animals, property, cultural heritage and environment against natural and other disasters.
The Scope of this law is managing of protection against any natural and other disasters, prevention and reduction of the disasters as well as inhibition and reduction of victims and other consequences.
The state is responsible to organize the protection against natural and other disasters as a unique and integral state system.
The system of protection under paragraph 2 of Article 2 consists of program, planning, organization, management, implementation, supervision, coordination and financing of measures and activities concerning prevention against natural and other disasters.
Basic tasks of the protection system against natural and other disasters are:
- detection, monitoring and investigation of risks from natural and other disasters;
- prevention of natural and other disasters;
- notification, warning and alarm of imminent danger and giving instructions for protection, rescue and aid;
- training and professional skills of protection, rescue and aid tasks;
- organization of readiness emergency, the establishment and maintenance of other readiness forms for protection, rescue and aid;
- self-protection, self-help and reciprocal aid;
- mobilization and activation of protection and rescue and resources for Protection, Rescue Structures;
- definition and implementation of protection measures;
- rescue and aid;
- recovery from natural and other disasters to provide basic conditions for life;
- assessment of damages caused by natural and other disasters;
- international cooperation regarding with implementation of protection against natural and other disasters;
- supervision of the implementation of regulations for protection and rescue against natural and other disasters;
- providing assistance to other countries in case of natural and other disasters.
Legal Framework- Law on Fire Protection
The purpose of this law is to define the protective mechanisms to prevent the causes and spread of fire, including the explosions in order to protect people, property and environment.
According to this law the objects and parts of buildings, are ranked into four categories according to fire risk:
- Category I (First) entered the premises depending on the technical process that takes place in them;
- Category II (Second) entered the premises by type of material that is produced, processed or stored;
- Category III (Third) entered premises according to the composition of materials in construction and
- Category IV (Fourth) entered the objects according to their importance.
Owners or users of buildings, building parts and the environment are obliged to take measures for fire protection, defined by this law and sub-legal acts issued under this law and in accordance with fire protection plan.
Owners or users of buildings, building parts and the environment are required to undertake the following measures:
- for category I (first) of the risk, are obliged to develop fire protection plans based on risk assessments, and to form fire protection units with the necessary staff and tools necessary to work for implementing measures for fire protection;
- for category II (second) of fire risk, are obliged to develop fire protection plan based on fire risk assessments, have a sufficient number of workers who are trained in this field and can perform permanent custody of firefighting and implementing fire protection measures;
- for category III (third) of fire risk, are obliged to have at least one worker who is trained and directly organizes and takes care of the implementation of measures for protection from fire;
- for category IV (fourth) of the fire risk, are obliged to have a worker trained and charged with fire protection issues.
Fire protection plan, are obliged to issue the owners, respectively users of buildings, building parts and the environment, placed in the first and second volatility and this plan should be harmonized with the municipal plan for fire protection.
Legal entities responsible for fire protection issues need to employ persons who have completed vocational training for firefighters or technical guidance, and who have passed the professional exam for the performance of fire protection.