ALBANIA

National Policy Plan & Strategy 1 of 2


 

The development of the National Civil Emergency Plan for Albania has been undertaken on an established legal base referring to Law 8756 on Civil Emergency Services of 26 March 2001.
The Aim and Objective of the National Disaster Plan is to be an instrument which supports the Albanian Law 8756 of 26 March 2001 on Civil Emergency Services, and the other laws directly or indirectly related to civil emergency issues. The plan aims to:

  • Prevent, mitigate and remedy any damage inflicted upon people, animals, cultural heritage and the environment, by emergencies.
  • Provide conditions for public administrations, economic entities, and the population, for the transfer from ordinary living and working conditions to an emergency situation with the smallest possible losses, for the keeping of order, preservation of human lives, animals, property, cultural heritage, and the environment, against the effects of an emergency.
  • To guarantee the use of available state resources in order to ensure public security, maintain the continuation of the national economy, localize the emergency areas and alleviate the threats thereof.

The National Civil Emergency Plan therefore draws together and clarifies the roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders, State or otherwise. This aims to channel the flow of relevant information, to strengthen decision making, and through coordination, to reinforce the capacity to respond through all phases of the disaster cycle.

The format of the National Civil Emergency Plan reflects the provisions of this legal base for Civil Emergency Services in Albania and in doing so includes four separate sections that represent the four main phases of the disaster cycle. The legal base for this plan, gives government and non-government structures the possibility to work more effectively and to abide by legal responsibilities in relation to civil emergencies. Attention is drawn to correct implementation of this plan and also the capacities and resources of the structures involved. In some areas and special sectors, additional legislation is necessary, for the structures involved in the prevention of civil emergencies, and effective civil emergency management.

The National Plan has been developed with considerable stakeholder consultation and input, and therefore complements the thinking and procedures behind specific preparedness plans, linking them, often for the first time, with the planned responses of other closely related entities. Particularly in Response phase, the coordination and decision-making procedures and the information flows required at a national level are clearly illustrated for the stakeholder. In this way, it is intended that specific stakeholder response or preparedness plans will complement the national overview, feeding into decision-making processes, which in turn will strengthen the specific stakeholder and sector responses.

However, by definition the National Civil Emergency Plan has to reach further than specific plans. It does this in two ways. Firstly, the National Plan represents the direct functional link between the State and International support, through the United Nations Inter Agency Contingency Plan. This is an important aspect of the National Civil Emergency Plan, in that international support is negotiated on the basis of coordinated, consolidated, information regarding needs, response and available resources. Secondly, the National Plan reflects the wider responsibilities not only of response, but also of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, protection and recovery.