ALBANIA

Institutional Framework


 

General mission and tasks 
of the Civil Protection is established under Albanian Law 8756 of 26th March 2001 and governed by the Albanian National Civil Emergency Plan of 3 December 2004.


The responsibility for coordination takes place at different levels according to the situation, and in all cases, Law 8756 on Civil Emergency Services underwrites this responsibility. In the event of large-scale emergencies, the level of authority and the technical level for managing the situation will be made by a political decision. Even at different levels within the Government Structures, the coordination function is still not strictly a hierarchical system, but one which is mutually supportive, from the municipality right through to the Head of Operations of the Inter Ministerial Committee, in the case of a large scale civil emergency.
The coordination function represents the civil emergency needs and available resources from a single community right up to those of a national level.
At different levels, the coordination function in Albania reflects the responsibility for civil emergency management, which the coordination mechanisms must inform and support to provide the basis for decision-making.


Figure 3.1 from the publication “The structure, role and mandate of civil protection in disaster risk reduction for South Eastern Europe”, UNISDR-CIMA Research Foundation

 
As defined by law, the Department of Civil Emergency, Planning and Response, under the Ministry of Interior, is the national governmental structure with responsibility for implementing Civil Protection law at local level. The following structures are the main actors of the Albanian Civil Protection system.