The responsibility for coordination takes place at different levels according to the situation, and in all cases, Law 8756 on Civil Emergency Services underwrites this responsibility. In the event of large-scale emergencies, the level of authority and the technical level for managing the situation will be made by a political decision. Even at different levels within the Government Structures, the coordination function is still not strictly a hierarchical system, but one which is mutually supportive, from the municipality right through to the Head of Operations of the Inter Ministerial Committee, in the case of a large scale civil emergency. The coordination function represents the civil emergency needs and available resources from a single community right up to those of a national level. At different levels, the coordination function in Albania reflects the responsibility for civil emergency management, which the coordination mechanisms must inform and support to provide the basis for decision-making.
Figure 3.1 from the publication “The structure, role and mandate of civil protection in disaster risk reduction for South Eastern Europe”, UNISDR-CIMA Research Foundation
As defined by law, the Department of Civil Emergency, Planning and Response, under the Ministry of Interior, is the national governmental structure with responsibility for implementing Civil Protection law at local level. The following structures are the main actors of the Albanian Civil Protection system.
- Council of Ministers
- General Directorate of Civil Emergency (GDCE)
- Inter-Ministerial Committee for Civil Emergencies
- The Prefect
- The Qark Commission for Civil Emergency Planning
- Municipality and Commune
- The National Operational Centre for Civil Emergencies (NOCCE)
- Armed Forces (AF), State Police Structures, Ambulances, Police of Fire-Fighting and Rescue (PFFR) and other operational forces.
- The monitoring and warning structures, such as the Institute of Geoscience (IG), the Institute of Energy, Water and Environment (IEWE), the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INPh), and other relevant institutes, inspectorates and organizations.
- Operational forces